Did you know Abraham Lincoln filed bankruptcy more than once?

Nearly every person I speak to regarding the need to file bankruptcy tells me how ashamed they feel by the prospect of going bankrupt. They explain to me how they have always paid their bills and that no matter how hard they try, they cannot pay down their debts and are falling further and further behind. They feel they are alone, hopeless and are filled with despair. They feel they are bad people because of their financial situation and somehow deserve to suffer harsh consequences.

The purpose of this post is dispel the perceived stigma of bankruptcy. The stigma affects a person’s decision to exercise their Constitutional Rights and release themselves from overwhelming debt by getting a fresh start.

To begin with, it is creditors who promote the moral stigma of bankruptcy and make consumers feel terrible because they can no longer afford to pay their bills. And why not? Creditors have everything to gain by shaming, cajoling, browbeating and intimidating consumers into not filing bankruptcy. Creditors don’t tell consumers their legal options under the law because those options are not pro table to the creditor. Don’t expect creditors to tell you the truth about your legal rights in relation to your debt. Expect them to manipulate you into giving them all your money.

Most people don’t realize bankruptcy relief has a long history dating as far back as the Bible. In Deut. 15 1-2 the Bible itself provides for the periodic release from debts: ” At the end of every seven years thou shalt make a release. And this is the manner of release: every creditor shall release that which he has lent unto his neighbor and his brother; because the Lord’s release hath been proclaimed.”

Bankruptcy is every citizen’s right under under the law, provided for in the Constitution, intended to provide a fresh start for those financial distress and that many famous people and businesses have  led for bankruptcy protection in the past and continue to do so today.

Many of America’s political, business and entertainment leaders have gotten a fresh start by  ling bankruptcy. For example, did you know Thomas Jefferson (our 3rd President) and Abraham Lincoln (our 16th President) both filed bankruptcy several times? (And, they are not the only US Presidents who have done so.) In addition, Walt Disney, Henry Ford and P.T. Barnum also exercised their legal rights and filed for bankruptcy when their financial situations called for it.

Why should bankruptcy laws only apply to the famous, smart or wealthy citizens of these United States? The answer is they don’t: the legal right to file bankruptcy is protected in the U.S. Constitution and US laws. They apply to everyone equally. This includes you!

Call the Upper Peninsula Bankruptcy Lawyers: Church and Korhonen, PC today to see if you qualify for filing bankruptcy just like Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson, Walt Disney and so many other famous people have done countless time in the past.

What’s good for the famous can be good for you too.

Should I file bankruptcy?

Filing for bankruptcy is a decision that needs to be made after weighing all your options. However, if you have lost your job, experienced unexpected medical expenses or suffered a significant unexpected loss, you may want to call Church and Korhonen, PC today to see if you should file for bankruptcy.

#1 Reason For Filing Bankruptcy: Medical Expenses

Medical expenses are the top reason Americans are going bankrupt and it’s expected that nearly 60% of bankruptcies happen because of unavoidable, overwhelming medical debt. Many people mistakenly believe that it’s only those without health insurance who have excessive medical debt, and while the uninsured might be a part of the problem, it isn’t just people without insurance that see bankruptcies as their only option.
One catastrophic illness or injury could cost a patient hundreds of thousands of dollars, which could wipe out a person’s savings account in just a few weeks. Insurance co-pays, co-insurance costs and high deductibles, coupled with a long-term healthcare need means that someone without any additional debt could be struggling to keep up with payments after they’re healthy again.

#2 Reason For Filing: Job Loss

The second main reason Americans are struggling to keep with their debt is the economy. Many people, even those who assumed that they had a steady, stable job, have been saddled with a job loss. In years past, when the economy was on an uptake, it might have been easier to find a replacement job, but now, many people are relying on meager unemployment benefits in order to stay afloat financially. However, these benefits don’t last forever, and some people struggle to find a job before the unemployment benefits stop.

#3 Reason For Filing: Unexpected Expenses Due To Act Of Nature

Yet another reason people are forced to call bankruptcy lawyers is an act of nature. A flood, hurricane, tornado or fires can cause severe devastation and ruin your financial stability. If you’re not properly insured, you could be forced to pay to rebuild your life entirely by yourself.
These are the top three reasons over 1,185,238 people filed for bankruptcy last year. If you are experiencing any of these catastrophes, and live in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, call and speak with a Church and Korhonen attorney today. Hope and help may be a phone call away.

Bankruptcy and Future Debt

Many people ask if filing bankruptcy will discharge future debt incurred after their bankruptcy petition is filed. The answer is NO. A bankruptcy discharges debt that was incurred PRIOR to the date the petition is filed, not any new debt incurred after filing.

If you file a bankruptcy petition on April 1, 2013, all dischargable debt you incurred prior to April 1, 2013 will be discharged in the bankruptcy. It doesn’t matter how old the debt is, it will be discharged. However, if you acquire new debt after filing the petition on April 2, 2013, that new debt WILL NOT be discharged in your bankruptcy.

As an example, let’s say Henry files a Chapter 7 bankruptcy on April 1, 2013 but has to undergo emergency surgery April 2, 2013. The new debt from the medical emergency will not be discharged and Henry will need to wait 8 years to before he can file another Chapter 7 bankruptcy to discharge that medical debt. Until then, if Henry fails to pay the medical bill, he can be sued, judgments entered against him, his wages garnished and his state tax refunds intercepted.

If you are considering filing bankruptcy it is important to understand this reality. Call Church and Korhonen, PC for a free bankruptcy consultation today if you live in any of the Upper Peninsula locales (800) 758-5611 or local in Marquette, MI (906) 226-0001.

Have you been garnished? You may be able to get your money back if you file Bankruptcy.

If a creditor sues you and gets a judgment against you they may garnish your paycheck, tax refund and bank accounts.

When your paycheck, refund or account is garnished, the creditor takes your money and you no longer have access to it.

If there is a judgment against you, you may want to wait to file your tax return so the creditor can’t take your refund. If you have money in accounts you may want to take the money out for safekeeping.

If this is happening to you, there is some good news.

If you file for bankruptcy protection in Michigan and if more than $600 has been taken by a single creditor within 90 days of filing, you may be able to get that money back.

Filing bankruptcy could mean your garnished wages, tax refunds and bank account funds could be paid pack IF the creditor took more than $600 within the 3 months before you filed your petition.

If you are being garnished, it would be wise to speak to a bankruptcy lawyer to see if you can have your hard-earned money returned to you.

If you live anywhere in the Upper Peninsula, including any of these counties, call today for a free bankruptcy consultation with an attorney. Alger, Baraga, Chippewa, Delta, Dickinson, Gogebic, Houghton, Iron, Keweenaw, Luce, Mackinac, Marquette, Menominee, Ontonagon, and Schoolcraft.

Church and Korhonen attorneys will help you receive every penny you are entitled to under the law.

One of my creditors sued and got a judgment against me. What could happen?

If you owe money to a creditor, like a credit card company, a bank or hospital, the creditor has a right to sue you for the money if you fail to pay them back. It is not enough to simply file a law suit against you, the creditor must obtain a judgement from a court having jurisdiction over you stating that you do, in fact, owe the money.

Once a creditor has a valid judgment in hand, they may ask for an order to garnish your wages, your bank accounts and/or your tax refunds. An order for garnishment allows the creditor to seize your money from savings and/or checking accounts, paychecks and tax refunds until the amount owed is paid in full.

If this is happening to you, you can do a few things to protect your assets.

First and foremost, you can file a bankruptcy petition in the state where you live. There is a U.S. Bankruptcy Court representing every geographic area in the country. For instance, if you live in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, you would file your petition with the U.S. Bankruptcy Court of the Western District of Michigan. The court is physically located in Marquette, MI. Filing a bankruptcy petition creates an automatic stay stopping all attempts to enforce judgments such as garnishments, lawsuits and property seizures.

If you intend to file bankruptcy, you may want to hold off on filing your state tax return until after the petition is filed. Most garnished tax refunds are from state taxes. If you delay filing your state return until after you file your bankruptcy petition, the automatic bankruptcy stay will protect your state refund from permanent seizure.

Another option is not to keep funds in any bank account that could be subject to garnishment. A creditor can only seize the money that’s in the account. If there is no money in the account, there is nothing to seize.

If your wages are being garnished, filing bankruptcy will stop the garnishment.

If you live in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and are facing garnishment, you are not alone. The attorneys at Church and Korhonen are available to discuss your situation and advise you if you qualify for bankruptcy. Call today and stop the garnishments.

Do I need to hire an attorney to file bankruptcy?

You do not need to hire an attorney to file bankruptcy. Some people choose to represent themselves in a bankruptcy case.

That being said, bankruptcy proceedings can be complex and lengthy. If done incorrectly, the results can be catastrophic. For example you could lose your home or other valuables.

Before you decide to represent yourself in a bankruptcy case, call an attorney who focuses on bankruptcy law in your geographic area.

An knowledgeable attorney should be able to interview you and determine whether you qualify for bankruptcy (not everyone does), whether your specific circumstances warrant bankruptcy (perhaps debt negotiation would be a quicker, less expensive way to help you out of debt), which chapter of bankruptcy

would be right for you (generally, consumers file either Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 bankruptcy. The overwhelming majority of people file for relief under Chapter 7. You need to know the difference and which chapter is right for you) and whether you will be able to keep all your belongings, including your

vehicles and home, should you file.

Church and Korhonen, PC was founded by lawyers Cathy Church and Cara Korhonen in 2010 specifically to help people file bankruptcy.

The office is physically located in Marquette, MI because the US Bankruptcy Court is located in Marquette. Anyone who resides in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan whether in the Soo , Marquette, Menominee, Calumet or beyond must file their bankruptcy in Marquette.

We are set up to conduct 99% of our business over the phone, through the mail or over the Internet. You do not need to travel to Marquette to be interviewed or retain our firm. We work with people all over the UP and most folks come to Marquette only one time during their bankruptcy case.

The one time you must travel to Marquette is 6 weeks after your bankruptcy petition is filed. There is a mandatory meeting called the 341 meeting and all people who file for bankruptcy must attend this one meeting. Aside from that one meeting, there is generally no need to travel to Marquette.

If you are in financial stress and would like to know whether you qualify for bankruptcy, call Church and Korhonen, PC today at 906.758.5611. A knowledgeable attorney will interview you over the phone, at no charge, and advise you about your options.

If you live anywhere in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan call Church and Korhonen, PC today!

Do you live in Ahmeek, Atlantic Mine, Autrain, Baraga, Bergland, Big Bay, Big Bay De Noc, Brevort Lake, Brimley, Calumet, Cedar River, Channing, Chassell, Christmas, Copper Harbor, Crystal Falls, Curtis, Deerton, Dollar Bay, DeTour, Eagle Harbor, Epoufette, Escanaba, Felch, Gaastra, Garden, Germfask,

Could City, Grand Marais, Gulliver, Gwinn, Hancock, Houghton, Hulbert, Iron Mountain, Iron River, Ironwood, Ishpeming, Keweenaw, Lake Linden, L’Anse, Mackinac Island, Manistique, Marenesco, Marquette, Mass City, Menominee, Michigamme, Mohawk, Munising, Naubinway, Newberry, Norway, Ontonagon,

Rapid River, Republic, Sault Ste. Marie, Seney, Shelter Bay, Silver City, St. Ignace, Stephenson, Tapiola, Trout Creek, Trout Lake, Twin Lakes, Watersmeet, or White Pine? Call Church and Korhonen, PC today! 800.758-5611

If my debts were discharged in bankruptcy, how long must I wait to file for bankruptcy protection again?

This is a very good question, and a bit tricky depending on the circumstances.

First, you need to know if your debts were discharged under Chapter 7 or 13 . The rules are different for each.

Secondly, it depends on which Chapter you want to file this time.

Here are the general rules:

Filing Under the Same Bankruptcy Chapter: Chapter 7 v. Chapter 13

If you are filing under the same bankruptcy chapter, the time frames are different depending on whether you are filing for successive Chapter 7 or Chapter 13 cases.

Successive Chapter 7 Cases

If you received your first discharge under a Chapter 7, you cannot receive a second discharge in any Chapter 7 case that is 􀂆led within eight years from the date that the first case was filed.

Successive Chapter 13 Cases

If you received your first discharge under Chapter 13, you cannot receive a second discharge in any Chapter 13 case that is filed within two years from the date that the first case was filed.

This can get tricky if you file your second Chapter 13 case between two and six years from the first Chapter 13 and the court refuses to confirm your Chapter 13 plan in the second case. Normally, if your plan is not confirmed you could convert to a Chapter 7 case. But in this situation, the rules for receiving a Chapter 7 discharge after a Chapter 13 discharge would kick in (see below) and prevent you from getting a discharge in the converted case.

Filing Under Different Chapters: The Order Matters

If the second bankruptcy case you want to file is under a chapter that is different from the chapter you received your first discharge under, the order determines the time frame.

Chapter 13, Then Chapter 7

If your first discharge was granted under Chapter 13, you cannot receive a discharge under any Chapter 7 case that is filed within six years from the date that the Chapter 13 was filed. The only exceptions to the six-year waiting period are:

if you paid all unsecured creditors in full in the Chapter 13, or if you paid at least 70% of the claims in the Chapter 13 and the plan was proposed in good faith and was your best effort.

Chapter 7, Then Chapter 13

If your first discharge was granted under Chapter 7, you cannot receive a discharge under any Chapter 13 case that is filed within four years from the date that the Chapter 7 was filed.

This can get tricky if you file your second case (the Chapter 13) between four and eight years after the Chapter 7 case and the court does not confirm your Chapter 13 plan. Normally, if your Chapter 13 plan is not confirmed, you could convert the case to a Chapter 7 bankruptcy. However, in this situation, the rules for successive Chapter 7 discharges would kick in, preventing you from getting a discharge in the converted case. In this case, it might make sense to simply dismiss the Chapter 13 case.


Call and speak to a Church and Korhonen, PC bankruptcy lawyer, (800)758-5611 today if you live in the Upper Peninsula.

Ten Bankruptcy Myths That Are Simply Not True

People are often wary about filing for bankruptcy, often based on stories they have heard about the process. In most cases, those stories are nothing more than myths and once the air is cleared, they find that bankruptcy is not only not scary, it was the best thing they ever did. Here are ten bankruptcy myths that are just not true.

Bankruptcy brings shame – this is perhaps the worst myth of all. Bankruptcy is there for a reason – to help people when they need it most. Do you recognize any of these names – they have all filed for bankruptcy? President Abraham Lincoln, Mark Twain, Henry Ford, Francis Ford Coppola, Larry King, Mickey Rooney, Burt Reynolds, Kim Basinger, Jerry Lee Lewis, Wayne Newton, M.C. Hammer, Continental Airlines, General Motors and US Airways (twice).

You’ll lose your job – the court will not notify your employer of your bankruptcy petition. In fact, you may have several work colleagues who have filed for bankruptcy – you just never know, and they won’t know about yours either.

You’ll lose everything – the majority of bankruptcy cases now involve debtors with few if any eligible assets. Most people are discharged from bankruptcy having lost nothing but their credit score, and that was on the way down anyway through overdue debts.

You have to be flat broke to file – income has little effect on your ability to file for bankruptcy. If your income is not large enough to cover your debts, then you may need to file. Your income will determine which Chapter you are eligible to file under.

You need a lot of debt to file – the amount of debt you carry is not important. As mentioned, it’s whether or not you have sufficient income to service your debts, that’s what’s important.

Bankruptcy destroys your credit – bankruptcy will affect your credit. In the eyes of some lenders, you’re a better risk after bankruptcy than before. Your credit score will return to normal if you are wise with your future spending and credit activities.

Your spouse must file as well – another myth is the opposite, you and your spouse have to file separately. The truth is, if you are legally married, then it’s your decision whether to file jointly, or for only one of you to file.

You’ll lose your house in bankruptcy – you can only lose your home through bankruptcy if you have a lot of debt and a lot of equity in your home. In most states, there are large homestead deductions in place that protect homes. Bankruptcy will stall foreclosure, however, bankruptcy will not clear your

mortgage debt. Few people lose their homes because of bankruptcy.

Bankruptcy will take my pension plan – the vast majority of pension plans are protected in bankruptcy. You may have difficulties if you have drawn large amounts out of your plan, or made very large payments into your plan just prior to bankruptcy, otherwise, your pension plan is perfectly safe.

Bankruptcy affects citizenship status – bankruptcy has no bearing on your current or future citizenship statues provided there is no fraudulent acts discovered through bankruptcy.

Bankruptcy is fairly easy process if your engage the services of an attorney first. Rather than listening to what others have to say about bankruptcy, get the real facts from a real attorney – remember, every person’s situation is different.

What Monthly Expenses Am I Allowed in Bankruptcy?

Before you sign your bankruptcy petition, you must review everything for accuracy. One of the schedules, called “Schedule J – Current Expenditures of Individual Debtor(s)” is where your monthly expenses are listed. Unfortunately, many people are unaware of what their monthly expenses are, and what is allowed. A commonly asked question is, “What monthly expenses are allowed while in bankruptcy?”

Here are some personal monthly expenses that are allowed in bankruptcy: work expenses, ongoing legal fees, bank charges (monthly checking account fees, ATM fees), hair care and personal grooming products, annual tax return preparation fees, accounting fees, summer camp and summer activities, school lunches, sports fees, school uniforms, Christmas and birthday gifts, pet grooming and care, pet food, veterinary visits, oil changes for your car, cigarettes, car washes, and parking expenses.

Other allowable monthly expenses while in bankruptcy include: college expenses, home landscaping & lawn care, home alarm system and maintenance, annual registration cost for motor vehicles, postage, EZ Pass costs, OnStar system payments, vision care, doctor visits, dental visits, charitable donations, eyeglasses (care and replacement, including contact lenses and saline solution), home office supplies (including computer toner, ink, paper, and software), non-prescription medications, and shoe shines. Additional allowable monthly expenses include: monthly website subscriptions, monthly magazine and newspaper subscriptions, antacids, gym/YMCA fees, toothpaste, tooth whiteners, brush and floss, pain killers, cold/sinus/allergy remedies, vitamins, weight loss programs and aids, books, and music lessons.

Some expenses are easy to determine and record – fixed expenses such as mortgage or rent payments, car payments, health insurance, child support, and cable. Variable expenses are harder to determine since the payment amounts fluctuate. These expenses include food, electric costs, gasoline, day care, and phone. To determine your variable expenses, review the past year’s expenses and divide by 12 to calculate the average monthly cost. Don’t forget to include periodic expenses, such as clothing, medical expenses, and insurance.


Do You Have Student Loan Debt? Don’t Be Scammed!

Where there are people who have any kind of debt, there are scammers lurking and waiting to trick them into buying into a plot devised to steal even more money from them. You may have heard the telemarketing calls that start out telling you you’re pre-qualified for a lower interest rate on your credit card, they want to give you a grant or scholarship, or that you can lower the payments on your “whatever” by doing x, y, and z. It almost always involves you sending them some type of illegal payment, and always results in the unlucky victims feeling fooled and frustrated.

Anyone who wants real, free advice about student loans should contact the U.S. Department of Education, or their private loan servicer. There is no information about your loans and financial status that you cannot find out for yourself by contacting the appropriate resources. Remembering certain things can keep your from making common and potentially costly mistakes, such as:

  • Never Pay Anything Upfront – Many “companies” will try to convince you that they can help you drastically reduce your debt, so long as you pay a pretty hefty fee upfront. This is illegal. No reputable company will ever ask you for any fee’s in advance for information to help you reduce any student loan debt.
  • No Such Thing as Fast Forgive and Forget – Loan forgiveness is a real thing, but it comes with a lot of red tape and requirements. Anyone who comes claiming they can completely forgive your student loan debt without any previous information about you is waving big red flags. Loan forgiveness takes time, and is not a once over the phone conversation.
  • Fake Seals and “Official Documents” – It can be easy to be duped by fancy forms with official looking information on it claiming to be from the U.S. Department of Education or other known institutions, but often times these scammers spend quite a bit of money to make their operations look legit. If you receive any suspicious looking documents that you’re unsure of their authenticity, you can always call the U.S. Department of Education’s help or customer line to ask them to verify the document. In nearly all cases they will be able to determine the documents authenticity and save you the hassle of getting scammed
  • Don’t Share Your Personal Information – Your FSA ID is the key to your student loan kingdom. By giving your FSA ID out without verifying who it is you’re giving it to, you are potentially opening up your life to identity theft, fraud, and more. Once scammers control your personably identifiable information (PII), they can do anything they want in your name including worsen your debt. Always keep your PII to yourself unless you’re 100% sure the person you are sharing it with is a trusted professional.

Student loans can be a burden, and a quick fix can give you hope that you know better than to grasp at. Don’t let the fear of your student loan debt push you to make risky decisions. There are countless professionals available by phone or online who can help you with your student loan debt.

If you have been sued for delinquency or are in need of legal advice regarding your student loans, call Church and Korhonen, PC, toll-free at 1.800.758.5611 or simply fill out the form in the sidebar to begin taking steps to a more sound financial future, greater peace of mind and a fresh start.